If you are using Zoom, you can use video and chats conferencing. The important feature is to have a “plenary room”, where everyone in the class is part of and “breakout rooms“, the “rooms” where students would have their team discussions (one room per team).
If you are using Zoom integrated in Canvas, all students enter Zoom at the exact same time as Zoom begins as part of the TBL lesson workflow. Additionally, all the students’ names match exactly your roster’s names and their group information, So, setting them into breakout rooms is a breeze. I cannot emphasize how practical this is.
For synchronous TBL lessons, in tRATs and Application Exercises (AEs), each team should have its own video conferencing breakout room.
One really cool and unforeseen advantage is the ability to “sneak” at any time into team discussions. As faculty are able to “jump” from team to team pretty much undetected, they can get a really good sense of which key concepts groups are struggling with. Also, and this is very useful, assess how each student participates in the team discussions.
Google Forms and Spreadsheets – We (Univ. of British Columbia) have used Google forms to fill up Google spreadsheets in real-time, then use the filled spreadsheet reveal as the simultaneous report. One of the nice things is you can ask students for many parameters pertaining to their decision. For example, in a Mechanical engineering course total cost, actuator type, and transmission type needs to be entered by each team into a Google form. All the results flow into the spreadsheet for simultaneous report. Once student input is revealed…columns can be sorted….showing least expensive or highest performance, etc.
When having a whole class discussion in the ‘plenary room’, when, for instance, teams are discussing answers for AEs, it is typically best to have everyone muted except for each team’s designated spokesperson. (This position should rotate within each team.) If another student (non- spokesperson) has questions, the option for virtual raising hands works well and then the TBL facilitator can moderate the discussion just as in class.